Articles on the History of Henna
The History of Henna

Henna’s Significance in Amazigh Id, Circumcision and "Night of the Henna" Celebrations
http://www.tapdancinglizard.com/biblos/significanceofhenna1/sighenna.pdf

Before the modern era, Moroccan villagers applied henna for Id al-Adha, circumcision, and the “Night of the Henna".  This paper establishes the common ground of these events, and the importance of henna in the celebrations, based on eyewitness accounts from the late 1800’s and early 1900’s.
/traditions   Eid   Id   Islam Amazigh  Berber Morocco sacrifice  celebration ritual   night of the henna  evil eye  ceremony/  

Developing Guidelines on Henna: a Geographical Approach
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/mastersessay/index.html

Id al-Adha: The Ecological and Nutritional Impact of the Muslim Feast of Sacrifice, and the Significance of Henna in this Sacrifice.
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/id/idsacrifice.html
This paper details the history of henna in connection with Id sacrifice traditions and effects, focusing on henna and ecosystem management, from its origins in the Neolithic Mediterranean world, to present day.
/traditions   Eid   Id   Islam  sacrifice  celebration  Hajj   ceremony/

Henna and Fingernails

http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/fingernails/
        /keratin    Fingernails   cuticles   fungal   tradition   cultures/

Anath Hennas Her Hands to Celebrate Baal's Victory over Mot

http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/war/anathvsmot.html
/Anath    Baal    War    Virgin Goddess   Mot   Bronze Age   Syria   Ugaritic/

Biblical Henna references: Song of Solomon
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/growing/songofsongs.html
/bible   camphire   attar   song of solomon   talmud/

Henna in the Ancient Egyptian Pharmacopoeia:  The Ebers Papyrus
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/medical/ebers.html
/Egypt   remedies   Thebes   cyperus   kuperos   Osiris   toes   eyes   teeth/

Henna and the Insurrection in the Hadramaut

http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/war/hadramaut.html
/Yemen   Mohammed   Caliph   Abu Bakr   protest   rebellion   history/

The Hennaed Guerrilla Fighters in Jerusalem, 70 CE
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/war/josephus.html
/Flavius Josephus   Jew   Jewish   Palestine   transvestite   history/

The Naun: The Barber's Wife
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/nai/index.html
/Henna Artist   Nai   Naun  barber   caste    blind    India/

Regale Unguentum: Parthian Royal Ointment
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/parthian/index.html
/Assyria   Parthia   Persia   Men   Ointment   Hair/

Hennaed Fingernails for Upper Class Men and Military Officers in Zand and Qajar Iran

http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/war/talons.html
/Iran   Shiraz   Qajar   Zand   men   fingernails   customs   Jubber Kahn   Afganistan/

Anath, the Virgin Warrior Goddess:  Victory,  Henna and Grain

http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/anath/anathwheatmot.html
/Anath   Virgin Goddess   Fertility   Grains   War   Bronze Age   Baal   Ugaritic/

Judith and Holofernes
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/war/judith/index.html
/henna   myrtle    Judith   Jewish    Hanukkah    victory     war    traditions/

Turkish Night of the Henna: Symbolism and Practice in the Late 20th Century
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/turkish/seedandsoil.html
/coin resist     cord resist      Kina Gecesi     Turkish village     men's Night of the Henna/

19th Century Turkish Kina Gecesi
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/turkish/turkishnoh.html
/Lucy M. Garnett    Fanny Davis    marriage   harem   Ottoman    coins    Night of the Henna/

Henna and the End of the Ottoman Empire
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/turkish/endofottoman.html
/culture   history   tradition   Ataturk   cosmetic   beauty   Anatolia/

Turkey:  Henna and the Ottoman Hamam
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/turkish/hamam.html
/Turkey   Ottoman   hamam   bathhouse   women   beauty/  
 
Henna in 16th Century Turkey
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/turkish/ottowomen.html
/Codex Vindobonensis   manuscript   illustration   cosmetic   beauty   Turkey   ottoman/
      
Turkoman Henna
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/encyclopedia/turkish/turkoman.html
/shirin   nizami   shiraz   patterns   turkey   ottoman   cosmetic   beauty/