Medical Papers regarding henna online:
Skin Decorations in East African Patients Elinor A. Graham, MD, MPH, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA
Henna causes life threatening haemolysis in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency P Raupp, J Ali Hassan, M Varughese, B Kristiansson Department of Paediatrics, Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, Buraimi Hospital, Al Buraimi, Oman, Oasis Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
Poisoning from henna dye and para-phenylenediamine mixtures
in children in Khartoum.
Henna Induced Acute Hemolysis in a G6PD-Deficient
Patient: A Case Report Murat
Söker, MD; Celal Devecioglu, MD; Kenan Haspolat, MD; Bünyamin
Dikicl, MD; Ömer Dogru, MD © Miami Children’s
Be cautious when testing "traditional, natural" cosmetics. In some countries, traditional cosmetics have very little, if any, standards and regulations for safety.
/khidab black henna PPD allergic reaction Yemen/
Henna and tattooing have been used in combination with black eye and eyebrow cosmetics since the Bronze Age. Eye paints were nearly universal across North Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia. The black paint provided relief from the glaring sun and reflection from the sand before sunglasses were invented. Lamp-black was the most common source of pigment, though galena, (lead sulphide), and stibnite (an antimony compound), were also used for black, and copper compounds for blues and greens. These metals were toxic to bacteria carried by flies and contaminated water, so they provided some relief from conjunctivitis and other bacterial eye infections. The irritation from having soot in one’s eyes caused tearing, which kept the eyes washed clean of contaminants, grit, and bacteria. However, these toxic metals also entered the bloodstream of the wearer and the traditional formulae with these metals should never be used when there is safer cosmetic eye paint available.
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*"Henna, the Joyous Body Art"
the Encyclopedia of Henna
Catherine Cartwright-Jones c 2000
registered with the US Library of Congress